Wi-Fi & Networking

Wired

Category
Shielding
Max Transmission Speed (at 100 meters)
Max Bandwidth
Cat 3
Unshielded
10 Mbps
16 MHz
Cat 5
Unshielded
100 Mbps
100 MHz
Cat 5e [Enhanced]
Unshielded
1 Gbps
100 MHz
Cat 6
Shielded or Unshielded
1 Gbps / 10 Gbps at 55 m
250 MHz
Cat 6a [Augmented]
Shielded
10 Gbps
500 MHz
Cat 7
Shielded
10 Gbps
600 MHz
Cat 7a
Shielded
10 Gbps
1,000 Mhz
Cat 8
Shielded
25 Gbps / 40 Gbps at 30m
2,000 Mhz

Wireless

Protocol
Name
Data Rate
Frequency
Year
802.11b
WiFi 1
11 Mbps
2.4 GHz
1999
802.11a
WiFi 2
54 Mbps
5 GHz
1999
802.11g
WiFi 3
54 Mbps
2.4 GHz
2003
802.11n
WiFi 4
600 Mbps
2.4/5 GHz
2009
802.11ac
WiFi 5
3466 Mbps
5 GHz
2014
802.11ax
WiFi 6
10530 Mbps
2.4/5 GHz
2019
802.11ax-e?
WiFi 6E
10530 Mbps
2.5/5/6 GHz
2020?

Suggested router setup & settings

  • Find the best Router location based on layout and cable availability
  • Use Wired connections as much as possible
  • Update the firmware
  • Use a better DNS
  • Dual Band (2.4/5.0) Wireless Names:
    • Same name allows for easier use and efficient speeds
    • Different names allows for faster chosen speed but may require more manual changes
  • Set a strong WPA2/WPA3 password, 12-16 characters, disable hide SSID and MAC address filters
  • Enable the Guest Network

Possible Router choices

Test speed of network

Misc